Front Wheel Alignment Inspection and Adjustment
Toe Inspection and Adjustment
Toe is adjusted by changing tie-rod length.
Loosen right and left tie-rod end lock nuts first.
Rotate right and left tie-rods (2) by the same amount to align toe to specification. In this adjustment, right and left tie-rods should become equal in length “A”.
After adjustment, tighten lock nuts to specified torque.
Tightening torque
Tie-rod end lock nut ( a ): 65 N·m ( 6.5 kg-m, 47.0 lb-ft)
Camber and Caster Inspection and Adjustment
Should camber or caster be found out of specifications upon inspection, locate its cause first. If it is in damaged, loose, bent, dented or worn suspension parts and axle housing, they should be replaced. If it is in vehicle body, repair it so as to attain specifications.
To prevent possible incorrect reading of camber or caster, vehicle front end must be moved up and down a few times before inspection.
Steering Angle Inspection and Adjustment
When tie-rod (2) or tie-rod end (3) was replaced, check toe and then also steering angle with turning radius gauge (1).
If steering angle is not correct, check if right and left tie-rods are equal in length “A”.
If tie-rod lengths were changed to adjust steering angle, reinspect toe-in.
Steering angle
Inside : 35° ± 3°
Outside : 32° ± 3°
Reference Information
Side slip
For inspecting front wheel side slip with side slip tester:
If side slip exceeds the limit, toe or front wheel alignment may not be correct.
Side slip limit
: Less than 3 mm/m (Less than 0.118 in/3 ft)