Abnormal noise, front end
Since the problems in suspension, wheels and tires involve several systems, they must all be considered when diagnosing a complaint. To avoid using the wrong symptom, always road test the vehicle first.
Proceed with the following preliminary inspection and correct any defects which are found.
1) Inspect tires for proper pressure and uneven wear.
2) Raise vehicle on a hoist and inspect front and rear suspension for loose or damaged parts.
3) Spin front wheels. Inspect for out-of-round tires, out-of-balance tires, bent rims, loose and/or rough wheel bearings.
Condition Possible Cause Action
Abnormal noise, front end
Worn, sticky or loose tie-rod ends, drug rod ball joints, kingpin bearings or axle shaft joints
Replace tie-rod end, kingpin bearing or axle shaft joint.
Damaged shock absorbers or mountings
Repair or replace.
Worn leading arm bushings
Worn stabilizer bar bushings
Worn lateral rod bushings
Loose stabilizer bar
Tighten bolts or nuts, replace bushes.
Loose wheel nuts
Tighten wheel nuts.
Loose suspension bolts or nuts
Tighten suspension bolts or nuts.
Broken or otherwise damaged wheel bearings
Replace wheel bearing.
Broken suspension springs
Replace springs.
Poorly lubricated or worn strut bearings
Replace strut bearing.