Coolant Description
Do not remove radiator cap to check engine coolant level; check coolant visually at the see-through coolant reservoir. Coolant should be added only to reservoir as necessary.
As long as there is pressure in the cooling system, the temperature can be considerably higher than the boiling temperature of the solution in the radiator without causing the solution to boil. Removal of the radiator cap while engine is hot and pressure is high will cause the solution to boil instantaneously and possibly with explosive force, spewing the solution over engine, fenders and person removing cap. If the solution contains flammable anti-freeze such as alcohol (not recommended for use at any time), there is also the possibility of causing a serious fire.
Check to make sure that engine coolant temperature is cold before removing any part of cooling system.
Disconnect negative cable from battery terminal before removing any part.
The coolant recovery system is standard. The coolant in the radiator expands with heat, and the overflow is collected in the reservoir.
When the system cools down, the coolant is drawn back into the radiator.
The cooling system has been filled at the factory with a quality coolant that is either 50/50 mixture of water and anti-freeze/anti-corrosion coolant (ethylene glycol antifreeze).
This 50/50 mixture coolant solution provides freezing protection to –36 °C (–33 °F).
Maintain cooling system freeze protection at –36 °C (–33 °F) to ensure protection against corrosion and loss of coolant from boiling. This should be done even if freezing temperatures are not expected.
Add ethylene glycol base coolant when coolant has to be added because of coolant loss or to provide added protection against freezing at temperature lower than –36 °C (–33 °F).
Alcohol or methanol base coolant or plain water alone should not be used in cooling system at any time as damage to cooling system could occur.
Even in a market where no freezing temperature is anticipated of 70% water and 30% ethylene glycol antifreeze (Antifreeze / Anticorrosion coolant) should be used for the purpose of corrosion protection and lubrication.
Anti-freeze proportioning table
Freezing temperature °C –16 –36
°F 3 –33
Anti-freeze / Anti-corrosion coolant concentration % 30 50
Ratio of compound to cooling water ltr. 1.35/3.15 2.25/2.25
US pt. 2.85/6.65 4.75/4.75
Imp pt. 2.37/5.53 3.95/3.95
Coolant capacity
Engine, radiator and heater : 5.2 liters (11.0/9.2 US/lmp pt.)
Reservoir : 0.7 liters (1.5/1.2 US/lmp pt.)
Total : 5.9 liters (12.5/10.5 US/lmp pt.)